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DMT Nov 13 '18
The warm tropical waters and perfectly breaking waves found in Hawaii truly are a Hawaiian surfer?s paradise. The history of surfing in Hawaii is a large part of the island?s culture. The ancient sport holds great meaning for Hawaiians and is deeply rooted in traditional Hawaiian culture.

The First Hawaiian Surfers

While no one knows exactly when and where surfing first originated Tyquan Lewis Colts Jersey , the popularity of modern surfing traces a direct route back to Hawaii.

Captain Cook, who landed on the island of Hawaii in 1778 during an exploration expedition, penned the earliest written records describing the act of surfing. However, the ancient Polynesians had been surfing for centuries before Captain Cook?s observance of the now popular water sport. Hawaiian hieroglyphics depicting men on surfboards date back to as early as 1500 AD. The Hawaiians call surfing he?e nalu, which when translated means ?wave sliding?.

While most modern-day surfers consider surfing a sport, ancient Hawaiian surfing was part religion, part sport, and a large part of the Hawaiian social culture.

The Religious Aspects of Hawaiian Surfing

Traditional Hawaiians believe that the sea has distinct moods and actions. Special priests, called Kahunas, would pray to the sea for the surfers. They also performed special dances and rituals intended to please the sea so she would reward the surfers with perfect waves. If surfers had good waves that day, the people gave the credit to the priests who successfully pleased the sea and were rewarded with powerful, perfect waves.

Creating surfboards is also a religious ceremony in Hawaiian culture. Only three types of wood were suitable for crafting traditional surf boards. Surfers took special care in selecting a tree for use as a surfboard. Once a surfer selected the right tree, he recited special prayers and placed fish in a hole at the base of the tree. Only once these rituals were completed could the tree be cut down for use as a surfboard.

Surfing in the Hawaiian Culture

Surfing was not only a sport for Hawaiians, but it was also an integral part of their society. Surfing was part of the Kapu system of government on the islands. This system maintained a sense of order and societal classes. Surfboards were divided into classes according to the type of wood used and the length of the boards. The largest and heaviest of surfboards were reserved strictly for Hawaiian royalty.

Surfing was used as a means to settle disputes among the people. Wealth, social standing, land holdings and even matters of the heart were all settled with a surfing contest. The chief of the island was by far the best surfer and he surfed regularly to maintain his standing in the community and keep up his strength and skill in the water.

History of Surfing in Hawaii

Around 1820, missionaries and settlers from England arrived on the Hawaiian Islands and attempted to take control of the Hawaiian people. Traditional Hawaiian culture and practices were prohibited or strongly discouraged during this time, and surfing nearly became extinct on the islands.

After years of oppression, a period of social reform began around 1905. A group of native Hawaiians lead by Duke Kahanamoku revived surfing on the islands. The resurgence of surfing continued, and visitors to the islands enjoyed watching this unique Hawaiian pastime. The sport eventually found its way back to the mainland and a small gathering of loyal surfers formed in California, where it eventually grew into the popular sport we know today.

Hawaiian Surfer?s Paradise

Hawaii is renowned for being a surfer?s paradise. The mild weather and nearby coral reefs provide perfect waves and a multitude of desirable surfing locations on each of the Hawaiian Islands. The continually changing outlay of the islands due to incessant volcanic activity ensures that local surfers remain challenged. One of the most popular surfing points in Hawaii, known as the Drain Pipes, has been completely overtaken by lava.

This same volcanic activity also produces spectacular surfing beaches with white, golden, green and black sand. For this reason, the wonders of the Hawaiian surfer?s paradise has spread well beyond the tropical paradise as visitors and surfing enthusiasts from all over the world travel to Hawaii to enjoy some of the best surfing the sea has to offer.

WELLINGTON, Sept. 1 (Xinhua) -- New Zealanders on Tuesday were shown four versions of what might be the next national flag all of them a variation on the theme of the country's native flora.

The government-appointed panel charged with choosing a potential new flag unveiled the final shortlist of four, which will be put to a nationwide referendum to decide a favorite by the end of this year.

Three of the designs feature the country's iconic silver fern in different color combinations: in black and white; in red, white and blue with the four stars of the Southern Cross; and in black, white and blue with the Southern Cross motif.

The fourth design features a koru a stylized Maori fern design - in black and white.

The four designs were the finalists from 10,292 designs submitted by the public, which were reduced to a long list of 40 last month.

Flag Consideration Panel chair Professor John Burrows stressed the importance of designs being unmistakably from New Zealand, timeless, free of any copyright or intellectual property issues and with the ability to work in a variety of contexts.

"There are practical matters such as how they look from a long distance, how they look from both sides, when flying, or still, in situations where they may hang vertically, and so on," Burrows said.

Burrows said it was an important time in New Zealand's history the very first time Kiwis would have a say in their flag.

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